Periodontology is the study of the supporting tissues around the teeth such as the gums, cementum, bone and ligaments.
Periodontology is the study of the supporting tissues around the teeth such as the gums, cementum, bone and ligaments. Periodontists are experts in treating oral inflammation and specialise in preventing and treating periodontal disease. Our dentists have extensive experience to diagnose and treat periodontal conditions.
Periodontal disease is usually a painless bacterial infection of the bone and gums. These bacteria are normally present in the healthy mouth. The infection occurs when the bacteria multiplies out of control which happens when the teeth and gums are not cleaned correctly or not cleaned at all.
Plaque, which contains lots of bacteria, then forms on the tooth surface and will start infecting the gum around the teeth. This causes de-calcification of the teeth and tooth decay.
Bleeding of the gums (including bleeding during brushing and flossing) is the first sign that there is a periodontal problem. Bleeding of the gums should never be ignored.
Periodontitis risk factors:
- Hormonal changes
- Family history
- Certain medications
- Grinding or clenching
- Foreign objects such as removable dentures.
Periodontal diseases may increase the risk for some conditions including:
- Stroke and cardiovascular disease
- Respiratory diseases